Vet Pharma Product List

We supply most veterinary items throughout South and Southern Africa to veterinarians, veterinary-owned practises and farmers. Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences professionals need the latest training available. The development and growth of the generic pharmaceutical industry over the past 30 years has come as a response to rising healthcare costs. A Veterinary Specials Manufacturer Welcome to Summit Veterinary Pharmaceuticals Limited When a licensed medicinal option is not practical, Summit is able to offer a variety of medications in strengths that you may find appropriate for your practice. The company’s strength is the manufacturing of a wide range of quality medicines, specializing injectables both for human (pharma) & Veterinary use. Find product information on approved animal drugs, foods, and feeds as well as the import and export of veterinary products. Acme Pharmaceuticals has more than 40 years of experience in contract manufacturing of oral solid dosage forms for human and veterinary medicinal formulations. Requirements for the success of a system for registration - The country should have an official legislation(s) enforcing the registration of veterinary medicinal products and biologicals before its local production, importation, and distribution. It requires a veterinary prescription and is one of the oral routes to administer veterinary medicines to animals. A veterinary pharmaceutical sales rep typically works in an office environment and may have a large sales territory that requires a good amount of travel. APIs are produced according to GMP requirements, certified by Authorization (licence) for API manufacturing and Certificate of GMP compliance of manufacturer. The low-stress way to find your next Veterinary Pharmaceutical Sales Representative job opportunity is on SimplyHired. We have a strong distribution network supported by a vibrant field staff. Derma-Vet Ointment. Clients tend to see 2x+ referral traffic after upgrading. We do this by providing you with quality products and the very highest level of support. Canadian product list (NOTE: WE DO NOT SELL NARCOTICS). Suppliers We are proud to be your distributor of the following quality lines of veterinary products and equipment: 3M Animal Health Care Aurora Pharmaceuticals. AdvaCare Pharma is a global manufacturer of Pharmaceuticals, Antimalarials, Oncology, Supplements, Veterinary Products, and Medical Devices to over 65 countries. - Benzyl Alcohol (As pres. Lundbeck Pharmaceuticals Italy - Product List. 137 Veterinary Pharmaceutical Sales jobs available on Indeed. FarmVet is the premier source for horse and pet supplements, supplies and prescriptions. Info Web Phone Seoul 1532-9 Seocho3-dong Seocho-gu Seoul 137-871 Other Pharmaceutical Ingredients Life Buoy Pharmaceutical Chemicals Water Safety Products Health & Medical. Sincerely, thank you. Take a closer look at our Resolvet line of products. Parenterals Antibiotic Products Here is a list of Univet products, products can be filtered by animal or brand using the dropdown menus. Find a Veterinary Clinic Near You We recommend calling your clinic in advance to check if the product you’re looking for is in stock or can be requested. Acme Pharmaceuticals has more than 40 years of experience in contract manufacturing of oral solid dosage forms for human and veterinary medicinal formulations. The global medical marijuana market is projected to be worth $270 billion, with the Australian market tipped to be valued at $50 billion by 2018. Dog Products | Vet Products Online. Overland Park-based Dechra Veterinary Products, a manufacturer. Our expertise is in the development, manufacture and sales and marketing of high quality. ALTAR LIFE SCIENCES (NU ALTER REMEDIES) - Manufacturer & Supplier of Veterinary Products List based in Chandigarh, India. The British Pharmacopoeia (BP) is the national pharmacopoeia of the United Kingdom. Our expertise is in the development, manufacture and sales and marketing of high quality. A new Global. List of light sensitive products: Some drugs are affected by light of a special wavelength that should be studied before developing the formulation and product should be protected from that light. Under this regulation, imported New veterinary drugs shall be registered with Center of Veterinary Drug Evaluation of Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) prior to entering Chinese market, according to Article 5 of the regulation. The British Pharmacopoeia (BP) is the national pharmacopoeia of the United Kingdom. Veterinary Products and Supplies Provet is dedicated to providing your clinic with all your veterinary needs. You can also access information about medicines and other healthcare products. However, presentation. Par Pharmaceutical: High-Quality, Cost-Effective Generic Products. This is why we are one of the fastest growing global brands in the veterinary market. It also grants import authorisations and export certificates for veterinary medicinal products (authorisations for specific products and for import and export companies). Our strength is in our dedicated team's expertise in sourcing and supply - from targeting value-added ingredients and product groups, manufacturer assessments, product evaluation and regulatory compliance, to specialist storage, packing and delivery, tailored to. Pharmaceutical industries not only manufacture drug products for humans but animals as well. Clients tend to see 2x+ referral traffic after upgrading. 338 with extreme priority to meet the expansion of veterinary and the agricultural requirements for local, national and international markets. Find here Veterinary Medicines, Vet Medicines manufacturers, suppliers & exporters in India. Ani Healthcare providing the best quality pharmaceuticals and veterinary products on PCD Pharma Franchise basis in India. They are categorised into 158 (63%) facilities that produce traditional medicine, 83 (33%) facilities that produce pharmaceuticals and 10 (4%) facilities that produce veterinary products. Shin-Kasumigaseki Building, 3-3-2 Kasumigaseki,. Magic Vet Life Science - Veterinary Products, Veterinary Products in Punjab, Veterinary Products in India, Vet Pharma. It is an annually published collection of quality standards for UK medicinal substances. This is why we are one of the fastest growing global brands in the veterinary market. With 3 million listed companies, mainly manufacturers, wholesalers, distributors and service providers, every month EUROPAGES attracts more than 2 million decision-makers searching for business partners, suppliers or service providers in Europe and worldwide. Inactive Ingredient Search for Approved Drug Products. We are one of the prominent manufacturers and exporters of optimum quality Pharmaceutical Veterinary Products. Ceva Santé Animale (“Ceva”) and IDT Biologika GmbH (“IDT”) today announced that they have successfully completed the acquisition of IDT’s veterinary pharmaceutical and R&D activities by Ceva. The purpose of the VA National Formulary is to provide high quality, best value pharmaceutical products while assuring the portability and standardization of the pharmacy benefit to eligible Veterans accepted by the Department of Veteran Affairs for care. Mankind Pharma is one of the leading veterinary Medicine manufacturers in India. Established in 1977, Arabian Ethicals is one of the oldest provider of healthcare related products in the UAE. ANIMAX HEALTHCARE PVT. All the veterinary companies available in our portal offers the best quality range products which are manufactured by using the high-quality hygienic range of products. Please note this Directory has been removed, please go to. Permits and supervision by the Swedish Medical Products Agency. Global Calcium is a leading supplier of quality calcium compounds to Nutraceuticals, pharmaceutical, food and beverage sectors. Locate veterinary pharmaceutical products on IndustryNet. was established in 1975. Help us sniff out more products and keep this list up-to-date. Due to legal regulations pharmaceutical companies are only permitted to display information relating to prescription medicines to healthcare professionals. Parnell Veterinary Pharmaceuticals. Grindeks is a No 1 choice as a worldwide APIs supplier due to our commitment to quality, modern manufacturing units and global regulatory accreditation. This ever-expanding array of veterinary biologics leads to better animal health care and reinforces the need for strict regulation. , is located at Miami, FL and the Animal Health Division of IVAX Corporation, devotes its energies to the research and development of innovative veterinary pharmaceutical products. Beximco Pharma currently produces more than 300 generic medicines which are available in well over 500 different presentations and the broad portfolio encompasses all key therapeutic categories including antibiotics, analgesics, anti-diabetic, respiratory, cardiovascular, central nervous system, dermatology, gastrointestinal etc. Molecular formula. Click the tabs to reveal products in each category. We offer active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), excipients and materials for pharma, medical and veterinary applications. Danish Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceutical research and development at Bavarian Nordic in Kvistgård, Denmark. We are fast growing Indian Veterinary Pharmaceuticals Company engaged in marketing broad range of veterinary pharmaceuticals globally. For distributors, manufacturers and veterinarians worldwide. Pharmaceuticals has 30 years of experience in the veterinary industry providing high quality, affordable supplements to veterinarians when their patients are primarily dealing with common conditions. 1 Job Portal. Veterinary Products List. This company is founded in. WELCOME TO SSS PHARMACHEM PVT LTD. The ranking of the top pharmaceutical products has been compiled from GlobalData's pharmaceutical revenue figures, which are based on sales of prescription medicines, including generics drugs. A healthier world needs a strong foundation - one that establishes quality, sets the bar for scientific rigor and technological progress, and epitomizes collaboration between industry, nonprofits, government and academia. Radico Remedies is a veterinary products manufacturer of India and has been making Veterinary Formulations in India for 30 years. Chemical name. We Manufacture. DVM Pharmaceuticals Inc. Pfizer – is the largest pharmaceutical company in the world and produces human and animal medicines and consumer healthcare products. This is an open-enrollment “learn and implement” instructor-led course where students learn to develop a working knowledge of proper positioning and radiograph technique, evaluate normal and abnormal anatomy of the abdominal cavity including the pancreas, adrenals, lymph nodes, peritoneal, and retroperitoneal spaces, and recognize relevant radiographic anatomical. 5 years and $30. Available in 4 ounce, 8 ounce, and 12 ounce bottles. Aimil provides natural products backed with strong Research & Development efforts ensuring the predictable therapeutic benefits to the suffering masses. These steroids cannot be found in human grade pharmaceuticals, but are produced in underground labs. Veterinary Products and Supplies Provet is dedicated to providing your clinic with all your veterinary needs. Veterinary Products, Formulation and Bolus from Radico Remedies. SUN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRIES LTD. Products & Services. Del Monte Pet Products (Lawrence) | Pet food and products mfg. Antidote to a2-adrenoceptor induced sedation (vet. Molecular formula. The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicine Authority (APVMA) approved several animal health products in September, including an endocrinology product by Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica. The result is a pipeline, which in terms of size and quality, provides us with a solid platform for consistent growth in veterinary vaccines and pharmaceuticals. Orders > Survey > Feedback > Search >. 4400 Biscayne Boulevard Miami, FL 33137 Delmont Laboratories Inc. Ferrous Sulphate 2 gm. The most complete and concise veterinary product reference available, featuring over 5,000 pharmaceutical, biological, diagnostic, feed medications and parasiticide product monographs categorized by species and treatment type. Product list Vet Pharma APls 17 Alpha Estradiol Acepromazine Maleate Acetyl Salicylic Acid Acetyl Spiramycin Adenosil Metionine Albendazole Amidopyrine Amikacin Sulphate Amile Butirate Amoxicillin Na + Clavulonate K Amoxicillin Na + Clavulonate K (5:1) Amoxicillin Trihydrate Powder, Micronized Ampicillin Benzathin Micro Ampicillin Sodium. Pets Fair and Pet Products Exhibition in St. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Numerous pharmaceutical companies focus on the health of animals and animal medications and treatments. As an animal pharmaceutical representative, you are the face of the drug manufacturer;. VAPCO Manufacturing CO. LGM Pharma, LLC - Boca Raton, FL. Its authorized share capital is Rs. Classifying pharmaceutical products for import and export How to classify pharmaceutical products for import or export: guidance to using chapter 30 of the UK Trade Tariff and full list of exceptions. Pricing is also extremely competitive which allows us to pass significant savings on to our patients and physicians. We Also Market Our Products In UP, M. PAIL PHARMA Manufactured Veterinary Medicines And Feed Supplement. Wide range of Pharmaceutical products. Johnson & Johnson/Actelion Pharmaceuticals: Total sales are in excess of 3. Pharmaceutical Raw Materials. Licensed medical, dental or veterinary providers are not exempt from this program as the provider's licensure only allows the use of these products for patient care, and does not cover use of these. Betagen - Topical Spray. | Distributor of animal healthcare products. Alert, NIOSH identified a sample list of major hazardous drugs. Under this regulation, imported New veterinary drugs shall be registered with Center of Veterinary Drug Evaluation of Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) prior to entering Chinese market, according to Article 5 of the regulation. The Filipino Vet. Reps may spend a lot of time on the phone with customers and may feel stressed because the job involves sales performance goals that they must reach. NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT Advantage 40 mg Spot-on Solution for Small Cats, Small Dogs and Pet Rabbits 2. Thainaoka Pharmaceutical Co. All news Subscribe. ASIA VETERINARY SDN. We export prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) pharmaceuticals, nutritional products, active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) and veterinary medicines. Del Monte Pet Products (Lawrence) | Pet food and products mfg. Penn Vet provides unparalleled service and expertise to private veterinary offices. is a pharmaceutical company that manufactures and markets veterinary medications and dermatology products worldwide. It also produces vaccines for livestock, poultry, and pets. FY 2018 (April 2018 - September 2018) Pmda - Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency. Concept Pharmaceuticals Limited manufactures and markets unique range of pharma products and products for animals. In today's highly competitive markets we need to invest heavily to achieve success with tomorrow's products. Check out Visbiome ® Vet The high potency probiotic for dogs *VSL#3 ® is a registered trademark and is manufactured exclusively for, VSL Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Dechra is an international specialist veterinary pharmaceuticals and related products business. A successful sample resume for this job describes tasks like identifying new customers, networking with existing clients and stakeholders, organizing conferences and presentations, and updating client databases. It is the only remaining independent, family owned, antibiotic contract manufacturer in the USA. New Veterinary Pharmaceutical Sales Representative careers are added daily on SimplyHired. They are categorised into 158 (63%) facilities that produce traditional medicine, 83 (33%) facilities that produce pharmaceuticals and 10 (4%) facilities that produce veterinary products. Thank you, VCV, Ltd. Whether you have a supplement in mind that you’re sure your horse needs, or you want to learn what supplement might be the best fit for your horse, contact our team at 800-366-8986. THE POISONS LIST. was established in 1975. Welcome to American Veterinary Supply (AVS) website. Welcome Veterinary Professionals. Buyers know us as a reputed Veterinary Bolus manufacturer of India. 8 pharma limited 1. This philosophy applies to all products that we offer. cross-contamination Contamination of a starting material, intermediate product or fi nished product with another starting material or product during production. Quality Guidelines for Registration of Pharmaceutical Products[26381] Drugs (medicines) Guidelines for the Inspection of Facilities for Manufacture of Veterinary. The Veterinary Product list include Veterinary Pharmaceuticals, Veterinary Drugs, Vet , Veterinary Bolus, Veterinary Medicines, Animal Feed Supplement Products, Poultry Feed Supplements. As an animal pharmaceutical representative, you are the face of the drug manufacturer;. Fresenius Kabi offers a leading portfolio of injectable drugs and delivery systems used to treat a broad spectrum of patients. JCN 3010005007409. Find product information on approved animal drugs, foods, and feeds as. (02) 9424 5860 or by email: pharmserv@doh. SkyePharma - A specialist drug delivery company developing oral and inhalation products in London, UK. Aan Pharma Pvt. Online Alembic Store. Every country has its own system and requirements in order to register a pharmaceutical or veterinary product. Attix Pharmaceuticals is an extremely reliable supplier, especially when it comes to finding hard to obtain pharmaceutical ingredients. Locate veterinary pharmaceutical products on IndustryNet. Peak Team > My Order. Molecular formula. Products list Due to legal considerations in different countries the content of this site is only available for members of the veterinary profession. Developed SPI for high quality veterinary products and its eminence is compared with European standards. Lakato carries the broadest range of Veterinary products possible. Bright way Group has takes origin from 1999 when the representative office of a pharmaceutical company with only three staff members was established. Existing Customer Login Enter your account details to access our online ordering system and to view our products and pricing. Indian Vet Pharma is dedicated to providing pharmaceuticals for the safeguard of animal health and production in domestic animals. Our global Pharmaceuticals portfolio includes more than 50 key marketed products, many of which are innovative leaders in their therapeutic areas. Adapting quickly to new demands, we supply medicines and solutions to patients suffering from skin infections and diseases such as psoriasis, acne and eczema, as well as conditions that require. Products include calcium salts, mineral salts, Calcium Gluconate, and more. Dechra Veterinary Products USA | Vet pharmaceuticals mfg. Teva Pharmaceuticals develops specialty pharmaceutical products to meet the needs of patients in CNS, pain, respiratory, oncology, biologics and women’s health Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. About MSD-AH. core business is the importation of animal raw materials, nutritional, and medicaments for distribution to local and overseas livestock industries. As ever, we're committed to ensuring that every Vi product performs at it's best. Par is an operating company of Endo International plc, a highly focused generics and specialty branded pharmaceutical company delivering quality medicines to patients through excellence in development, manufacturing and commercialization. is a professionally managed pharmaceutical company which was established in 1986. A new Global. The Veterinary Product list include Veterinary Pharmaceuticals, Veterinary Drugs, Vet , Veterinary Bolus, Veterinary Medicines, Animal Feed Supplement Products, Poultry Feed Supplements. Beximco Pharmaceuticals Limited ("BPL", "Beximco Pharma" or "Company"), the fast-growing manufacturer of generic pharmaceutical products and active pharmaceutical ingredients, today announces that, further to the announcements made on 6 October 2017 and 19 January 2018, the Company completed the acquisition of a majority stake in Nuvista Pharma. We are fast growing Indian Veterinary Pharmaceuticals Company engaged in marketing broad range of veterinary pharmaceuticals globally. For access authorization, contact VET-NET National Headquarters [see below] stating your intentions. This philosophy applies to all products that we offer. DRA Pharmaceuticals provides regulatory, manufacturing, packaging and development services to P harmaceutical, veterinary, cosmetic and special foodstuffs customers. The BVL is responsible for the national and European authorisation of veterinary drugs in Germany. Veterinary. Cosmos Pharmaceutical Limited | Top and best Pharmaceutical company in Kenya Cosmos Limited is one of the leading manufacturers of pharmaceutical products in Kenya, East Africa and whole Africa. Heska helps vet practices discover the right solutions for their clients and patients, while improving productivity and profitability. Our strength is in our dedicated team’s expertise in sourcing and supply – from targeting value-added ingredients and product groups, manufacturer assessments, product evaluation and regulatory compliance, to specialist storage, packing and delivery, tailored to. Novartis Animal Health Please login to the site to complete your purchase. Other Pharmaceutical Ingredients Pharmaceutical Machinery Bone Meal Pharmaceutical Chemicals Animal Feed Jinyang Pharm Co. Asia Pharmaceutical Veterinary Company   Achaupharm â€" one of the best pharmaceutical veterinary manufacturers in Mekong Delta and Vietnam, owns modern factory with 10. The Act requires that this information, as well as a list of all animal drug products approved for safety and effectiveness, be made available to the public. Flavors are used for orally consumed products such as syrups, chewable tablets, suspensions, or gums in order to make the bitter taste of the. A team of highly skilled professionals closely monitor the latest trends in the animal health sector to ensure that you get the best possible products available. Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences professionals need the latest training available. Veterinary conferences, find and compare 850 seminars, roundtables, meetings, summits to attend - Reviews, Ratings, Timings, Entry Ticket Fees, Schedule, Calendar. Pharma was founded in 2002 and started business with Clavubactin: the first generic veterinary medicinal product with amoxicillin and clavulanic acid as the active substances. 6%), prescription medication (27. Ceva Santé Animale (“Ceva”) and IDT Biologika GmbH (“IDT”) today announced that they have successfully completed the acquisition of IDT’s veterinary pharmaceutical and R&D activities by Ceva. Veterinary API manufacturers, suppliers and exporters in Mumbai, India to worldwide veterinaries APIs since 2001 with ISO 9001:2008 certifications and WHO-GMP and EU-GMP approved as per the international specifications and standards. With our innovative products*, we help to make life better. The global medical marijuana market is projected to be worth $270 billion, with the Australian market tipped to be valued at $50 billion by 2018. Morvel Laboratories Pvt. Cobalt Chloride B. Molecular formula. FDA Recalls and Safety Alerts: Sign up for FDA's Recall Subscription List: How to report a problem with a product to FDA. Pricing is also extremely competitive which allows us to pass significant savings on to our patients and physicians. SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS 1. Products are available throughout India in Vet shops and Veterinary clinics. Gentadip - For Turkey Egg Dipping. Prescribing Information Medication Guide Product Website. Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients. Our expertise is in the development, manufacture, and sales and marketing of high quality products exclusively for veterinarians worldwide. It exports high quality pharmaceuticals to a good number of countries of Asia, Africa & South America. Epizyme production is our primary focus which provides practitioners and their clients with a consistent, reliable source of medication for their pets. emea/cvmp/345752/2008-en 16 july 2008 1/14 annex i list of the names, pharmaceutical form, strength of the veterinary medicinal products, animal species, route(s) of. Unlike other animals, cats tend to hide their comfort level or how they are feeling. DVM Pharmaceuticals Inc. Pharmaceutical Flavors A flavor, as used in the pharmaceutical industry for inactive ingredients, refers to natural or artificial tastes , which may include fragrances and colors of the flavoring. A veterinary pharmaceutical sales rep typically works in an office environment and may have a large sales territory that requires a good amount of travel. a half-dozen products available. Univet - Veterinary Pharmaceutical Company Univet is a family owned business based in Ireland that since our inception have succeeded in manufacturing, registering and marketing a diverse range of products to provide for all your farming livestock's needs. Merck Animal Health is a global leader in the research, development, manufacturing and sale of veterinary medicines. Par is advancing a research and development (R&D) pipeline of approximately 200 potential new products. This is further to Health Canada’s regulatory changes related to Veterinary Health Products (VHPs) that will come into force on November 13, 2017 (See recent news). and its products are considered a milestone in the progress of the Veterinary field.   2004 2014 10. Century Pharma is one of the leading Veterinary pharmacompany in India that deals with manufacturing of veterinary pharma products. While we are best known for our basses, we also make outstanding guitars, preamps, and accessories. Miller Veterinary Supply. To become a franchisee of veterinary medicines range of Radico Remedies or to get more information, we invite you to fill up the veterinary pcd enquiry form or contact Mr. These are averages and costs of over $62 million. Agricultural Chemicals and Veterinary Drugs Meiji agrochemicals and veterinary drugs for a safe, stable food supply Our presence in agrochemicals and veterinary drugs contributes to the stable supply of safe and reliable agricultural, livestock and marine products as well as improves productivity around the world. Column A: “Län” Depicts in which county the pharmacy is located Column B: “Kommun” Depicts in which municipality the pharmacy is located Column C: “Apotekets namn” Depicts the name of the pharmacy Column D: “Besöksadress”. Herbal Products Products A result of our partnerships in Research and Development initiatives and collaborations with world-renowned institutions; American Pharmaceuticals' product basket includes: branded and generic formulations covering more than 50 therapeutic segments; Biotechnology products and diagnostic kits, Plant Tissue Culture, etc. In spite of this India’s largest milk and 3rd largest meat producer, and blessed with largest cattle population 20% of the world population, and largest buffalo more than 50% of the world. New Veterinary Pharmaceutical Sales Representative careers are added daily on SimplyHired. VETINDIA Pharmaceuticals Limited was established in the year 1992 by Dr. Veterinary pharmaceuticals company list , 40, in China, India, United States, Turkey, Pakistan, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and across the world. The list was compiled from infor-mation provided by four institutions that have generated lists of hazardous drugs for their respec-tive facilities and by the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) from. (02) 9391 9944; Fax. Products For 140 years, we have worked tirelessly to develop and deliver trusted medicines that meet real needs. 338 with extreme priority to meet the expansion of veterinary and the agricultural requirements for local, national and international markets. Numerous pharmaceutical companies focus on the health of animals and animal medications and treatments. Veterinary Pharmaceuticals Save on Quality Pharmaceuticals. 22 billion dollars, market share in Canada is 11. Pharma Min market size: $5-8mil annually (no risk, must produce results <6mo) IP: only license animal health rights What is the de… Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The most complete and concise veterinary product reference available, featuring over 5,000 pharmaceutical, biological, diagnostic, feed medications and parasiticide product monographs categorized by species and treatment type. Medicated feed is a mixture of animal food and veterinary medicinal product produced under controlled conditions and has the purpose of treating or controlling disease in farmed animals, aquaculture species and pets. At Vetsource®, we’re focused on providing smart, essential solutions that better fit the lives of veterinarians, their clients and the pets they love. za Click to complete our survey. Mankind Pharma Pvt. Parnell Veterinary Pharmaceuticals.